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  3. Fingerprints of the Cosmic Dawn in the Global Radio Spectrum – Raul Monsalve

Fingerprints of the Cosmic Dawn in the Global Radio Spectrum – Raul Monsalve

Observing the appearance of the first stars during the period known as the Cosmic Dawn is one of the main objectives of modern cosmology. According to the standard model of the Universe’s evolution, the first stars and galaxies formed around 50-200 million years after the Big Bang. The James Webb Space Telescope has made extraordinary progress in the detection of early galaxies. However, the very first stars, which most likely were very massive and short-lived, are too faint and far away to detect directly. A complementary and exciting technique to detect the first stars is through their impact on the intergalactic medium (IGM), which primarily consisted of neutral hydrogen atoms. The UV radiation emitted by the first stars induced the coupling of the 21-cm spin temperature of neutral hydrogen atoms to the cold kinetic temperature of the
IGM. This coupling generated an absorption feature in the global radio spectrum. Detecting and characterizing this absorption feature will reveal the properties of the first stars and provide access to the Cosmic Dawn. The global radio spectrum has also the potential to provide unique constraints on models for Dark Matter and exotic physics in the early Universe.



I will describe recent developments by two ground-based radio experiments, EDGES and MIST, trying to detect for the first time the global 21-cm signal from the Cosmic Dawn. These experiments conduct measurements from extremely remote areas, including the desert of Western Australia and the Canadian High Arctic. I will also introduce the LuSEE-Night experiment, which will measure the radio spectrum from the far side of the Moon starting in 2026. Taking advantage of the radio-quiet environment of the lunar far side, LuSEE-Night will target the signal from the period before the first stars appeared, known as the Dark Ages.

Horarios: June 4, 2024 15:30

Publicado por: Claudia Aguilera

Información

junio 4, 2024

schedule 3:30 pm - 4:30 pm
place Lugar

Campus San Joaquín (Auditorio Ninoslav Bralic)

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